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Monthly Archives: October 2011
Executives of Pakistan Pharmacist Association Punjab and Baluchistan have disapproved the preliminary revised six year curriculum of Pharm-D; proposed by Higher Education Commission, Pakistan
Pharmaceutical Review (www.pharmarev.com) Professor Dr. Bashir Ahmad (Professor of pharmacology, University of the Punjab, Lahore) president Pakistan Pharmacist Association (PPA) Punjab, Pakistan; Syed Sultan president PPA Baluchistan; Fiaz Ahmad Faizi Vice president PPA Punjab and Furqan K. Hashmi General Secretary PPA Punjab has collectively disapproved the preliminary revised six year curriculum of Pharm-D proposed by Higher Education Commission, Pakistan.
They said in their unanimous statement that the current curriculum of Pharm. D, a five year degree program was imposed by the Pakistan Pharmacy Council in 2004. Its revision was underway since April 2010 by the curriculum committee of the Pakistan Pharmacy Council and Higher Education Commission. Now, the final version of the draft is ready to be implemented, though there are plenty of shortcomings. Instead of going in detail, the present article is being penned to draw the attention of signatories of the draft of the curriculum to look into the matter of pre-registration additional one year training in various areas of pharmacy profession after getting the Pharm. D degree. The students, parents and academia have several reservations for this additional year, some of which are given herein. Thus; the revised curriculum disapproved on the six following major logics;
1. Legal issue: The imposition of additional one year training before registration of pharmacy graduates is a violation of the section 25 (1) (a), (b) and (c) of The Pharmacy Act 1967, which describes the eligibility criterion for the registration of pharmacists in various categories (Khan, 2008a). Therefore, pharmacy graduates need not be deprived of their right to be registered in category “A” as per law.
2. Increase in duration of Pharm. D programme: Under the prevailing financial situation in the country, the increase in duration, an additional 6th year will be a burden on the poor nation. Moreover, to spend 6 years just for a graduation degree is not justified and will further worsen the economic status of the community.
3. Production of large number of pharmacy graduates: In present scenario both the public and private sector universities are producing pharmacy graduates much more than the number of jobs available in public and private sectors. As a result of this an overwhelming majority of pharmacy graduates are unemployed, and the same is reported by Hussain et al. (2006).
4. Agreement for one year pre-registratin training: At present there is no agreement or legal binding on the pharmaceutical industries, hospitals, community pharmacies and health authorities on providing this one year training attachment. The students who have to travel from far-off areas to major cities for training; hence, hostel accommodation will be a big problem for them.
5. Unnecessary binding on students: Imposition of additional one year pre-registration training will be an unnecessary binding on the students willing to adopt teaching job, governmental job, carrier abroad or pursue higher education after their graduation.
6. Cost of attachment: It is not clear that whether this one year attachment is paid or unpaid, and if paid then who will bear the cost of this attachment? In some countries, pre-registration training is mandatory and instituted to compensate the resource deficiency, structured and well-paid by the state.
Message of Dr. Tahir Aziz Mughal Sr. Manager and Head Pharmacy Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital & Research Center, Lahore- Pakistan, regarding the decision of HEC to extend the tenure of Pharm-D
Pharmaceutical Review (www.pharmarev.com). Dr. Tahir Aziz Mughal B.Pharm., M.Phil., MBA., Ph.D Sr. Manager and Head Pharmacy Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital & Research Center, Johar Town, Lahore- Pakistan (Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, Tel.: 0092 42 5945100 (Ext: 2291), Fax: 0092 42 5945198, Cell: +92 321 488 7801) has distributed message for pharmacist community regarding the decision of HEC to extend the tenure of Pharm-D program as under;
Doctor of Pharmacy is a professional degree and now appropriate way to recognize our profession. Our major bulk of Pharmacists is moved to Gulf, USA, UK, Canada, Australia etc. I think, let be patience and think what these countries are demanding. What is happening in the world and how can we compete with them. Additionally, either this will improve the skills of Pakistani pharmacist or not? I think YES…see happening in other countries
According to the Saudi Commission for Health Specialties (SCFHS), if a student graduates with a (minimum six years) PharmD degree, then the graduate has the chance to further develop himself. This can be achieved by taking an Accredited Residency Training Program that is at least one year long (for a total of seven years, minimum). Upon successfully completing both the Residency program and the PharmD, the graduate can apply for Professional Equivalent (only equivalent in practice) to the Master degree in Pharmacy.
In Qatar, pharmacy degrees are offered by the new College of Pharmacy at the Qatar University. Students were accepted into the 5-year BSc (Pharm) program commencing in 2007. Students will be accepted into the final year of the 6-year PharmD program in 2011. Accordingly, the first graduates of the PharmD program are expected in 2012. The program adopts a Canadian curriculum and received early accreditation by the Canadian Council for Accreditation of Pharmacy Programs (CCAPP) in February 2009. This is the first international program to undergo review and receive accreditation by this sole Canadian accreditation agency.
In the United States, the PharmD. (Doctor of Pharmacy) degree is a professional degree that prepares the graduate for pharmacy practice. It is awarded after four years of pharmacy school, which include one year of practical experience. Most schools require students to take an entrance test (PCAT) and complete 60-90 credit hours (2–3 years) of university coursework in the sciences, mathematics, composition and humanities before entry into a professional program. Many pharmacy students complete a bachelor’s degree before entry to pharmacy school.
Total time: 2–4 years undergraduate (Associate or Bachelor degree), 4 years professional (PharmD), optional 1–3 years of specialization (residency/fellowship).
In the USA, legal requirements to becoming a pharmacist include graduating with a Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) degree from an accredited college of pharmacy, serving an internship under a licensed pharmacist, and passing a state (NAPLEX) and law exam. The designation PharmD is sometimes erroneously likened to a PhD degree which is an advanced scientific degree in this field (ie. Phd. in Pharmacology or Pharmaceutics). PharmD holders can also earn another advanced degree in this field such as the MS in Pharmarcy offered at many US institutions. The former degree was a Bachelor of Pharmacy and required slightly less schooling and different curriculum. Due to the changes to health care in today’s society and the increasing need for counseling and medication maintenance, pharmacists have taken on a larger role as clinicians. This increase in the need for accessible health care information for consumers has led to great strides in the field of pharmacy. One result of this has been a change in the way pharmacy schools structure their curriculum as well as an advanced doctorate degree, which further sets the pharmacist apart as a trusted ally in a patient’s health care treatment regimen. In fact, pharmacists consistently rank as one of the most trusted professionals in today’s society. This degree requires the completion of at least five years of post-secondary schooling but usually requires at least 6-8 years at present time, depending on which state you live in and the pharmacy school which you attend. The former degree obtained upon completion of pharmacy school was a Bachelors in Pharmacy or BS and pharmacists with this designation were given the title RPh. In the USA, pharmacist who acquire a PharmD degree are legally allowed to add the prefix “Dr.” before his / her name. Pharmacy is the health profession that links the health sciences with the chemical sciences and it is charged with ensuring the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs.
Pharm.D (6 year integrated doctorate in pharmacy course), was introduced by Govt. of India and The Pharmacy Council of India in 2008. The first batch of post bacularate Pharm.D students will graduate by 2011. The government has taken new innovative steps for increasing the interest of the students. By 2014 there will be more colleges offering Pharm.D courses in India.Many college of pharmacy offering 6 year integrated doctor of pharmacy course and the first batch will come out in 2014.it is five years theory and practical in hospital and pharmaceutical field and student should submitted thesis work at the end of the 5th year and in the final year(6th) student should practice 12 months as a residency/internship in minimum 300 bedded hospital
In 1930 Tehran University changed the Pharmacy degree from Masters to doctorate (Pharm.D. or Doctor of Pharmacy) and the duration of the study was increased to 5 years. Graduates need to present and defend their theses in different fields of pharmacy and this adds another year to their studies and generally after 6 years students can graduate as Doctor in Pharmacy.
Dr. Tahir Aziz Mughal B.Pharm., M.Phil., MBA., Ph.D Sr. Manager and Head Pharmacy Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital & Research Center, Johar Town, Lahore- Pakistan. Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, Tel.: 0092 42 5945100 (Ext: 2291), Fax: 0092 42 5945198, Cell: +92 321 488 7801
An open letter of Dr. Khalid Ahmad Shiekh; Department of Pharmaceutics, University of London, UK; regarding the HEC decision of six years Pharm-D program
Pharmaceutical Review (www.pharmarev.com). Dr. Khalid Ahmad Shiekh faculty member of Department of Pharmaceutics, The School of Pharmacy, University of London 29-39, Brunswick Square, WC1 N1AX, London and pharmacist graduated from University College of Pharmacy, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan has written an open letter regarding the Pharm D tenure as under;
Dear Pharmacists Colleagues,
Thanks for involving/updating us in this critical development in the field of pharmacy in Pakistan. I am normally bit long-winded but will try to be succinct here. Irrespective of the history of the revised name (Pharm D) for pharmacy course in Pakistan, I think the HEC committee should be commended for this new initiative of residency (we call it pre-registration training here in the UK). Rest of the things like total time for Pharm D including residency (the main topic of this discussion) should be discussed further and I believe participation of PPA in this committee is a must, which from the look of the members of the committee, is lacking (I may be wrong).
Dr. Tahir Aziz Mughal (Chief Pharmacist; SKMCH, Lahore, Pakistan) has compared various pharmacy courses worldwide in detail to educate us and I think professional bodies stance after this information is worth pondering. I know all of you are well aware of the UK pharmacy system and in no way I am trying to represent the UK pharmacy. Just want to share something what we academics are going through here. It will be worthwhile to know from my Malaysian pharmacists friends on the Malaysian pharmacy education system and its impact on the pharmacy workforce.
We, here in the UK (GPhc and all the schools of pharmacy), are also working on merging the pre-registration training (1 year) with the MPharm curriculum to make it 5-year course instead of existing 4-year MPharm plus 1 year pre-reg training but foresee many obstacles . However, we want to make sure that in reality the total time for a student required to be a registered pharmacist still remains the same (5 years). The sole reason for this initiative is active participation of hospitals/community pharmacies and the industry in the collaborative training of the new generation. At the moment each hospital has its own training rotations which differ significantly amongst hospitals. Therefore, we aim to standardise training of pharmacists across UK.
I think the way forward should be dialogue with the HEC committee rather than total disapproval. If I were to represent PPA on this issue then I would commend their latest initiative and ask them to have a look again at the total duration.
Before I leave just want to share “NOT A VERY GOOD NEWS” with you all about the non-European pharmacists. The UK border agency is planning (actually have accepted) the parliament’s select committee’s suggestion of including Pharmacy as one of the 28 professions which will not be included in the future immigration work permit scheme. This will effectively (unfortunately) exclude all the pharmacists coming outside of the Europe to work as pharmacists in the UK.
Dr. Khalid Ahmad Shiekh;
|Department of Pharmaceutics, The School of Pharmacy, University of London 29-39, Brunswick Square, WC1 N1AX, London|
|E mail: email@example.com|
|Tel.: +44 (020) 7753 5990|
Dr. Nadeem Irfan Bukhari, B.Pharm, M.Phil (Pharmaceutics), PhD (Pharm. Tech.) Assistant Professor Pharmaceutics, University College of Pharmacy University of the Punjab, Allama Iqbal Campust, Lahore Pakistan (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org) is legend personality of pharmacy profession in Pakistan.
Dr. Bukhari was awarded the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Pharmaceutics (Formulation development and Pharmacokinetics) by Universiti Sains Malaysia, June 2009. The key research area was Nanotechnology, Particulates (micro and nano-scale), Computer-aided optimization and Pharmacokinetic evaluation, etc of biodegradable biopolymer. He passed his Master of Philosophy (M.Phil) in Pharmacy M. Phil Pharmaceutics (2-years degree by research; Session 1988-90) from College of Pharmacy, University of the Punjab, Lahore (Pakistan), with 1st class and Bachelor in Pharmacy (B.Pharmacy) B. Pharmacy (4-years program; Session 1983-87) from Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan Pakistan.
His selected research interests/work experiences are as under;
- Particulate (micro- and nano- scale) delivery systems
- Formulation design, evaluation and optimization using statistical and neural networking algorithms
- Pharmacokinetics (PK), PK interactions and PK variables
- Enhancing the oral bioavailability of the drugs with low solubility
- Pharmacoeconomics and drug pricing.
- Experienced user of Pharmacokinetic software such as WinNonlin®, Kinetica®,
- PKAnalyst, PK-Fit®, etc and Design of Experiment (DOE) software, such as Design
- Expert® and artificial neural network (ANN) software, such as InForm® and
- Characterization, radiolabeling, quality control and dispensing of
- Experienced user of statistical packages, SPSS and MINITAB.
- Teaching and professional experience of about 21 years.
Moreover; he is a brilliant scientist and was got first position amongst the successful candidates for the award of President’s Talent Scholarship through the Ministry of Health Pakistan. he has active memberships/professional/associations/committees of 1. Member International Society for the study of xenobiotics; 2. Member, International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP), Netherlands. 3. Member, Control Release Society (CRS), USA; 4. Member, Pakistan Pharmacists Association, Pakistan; 5. Member, Pakistan Hospital Pharmacists Association, Pakistan; 6. Member Board of Studies, College of Pharmacy, University of the Punjab, Lahore; (2008-2009); 7. Member Board of Studies, Lahore College of Pharmacy, Lahore; 8. Member Inspection team for issuance of manufacturing license, Ministry of Health, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad; 9. Technical Expert for the recruitment of Hospital Pharmacist/Drug inspector, Punjab Public Service Commission, Lahore; and 10. Member National Test Service.
He used to worked in miscellaneous professional positions; Assistant Professor in Pharmaceutics, University College of Pharmacy, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan; Lecturer, Pharmaceutics, University College of Pharmacy, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan; Lecturer, Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, International Medical University (IMU), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Lecturer, Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, University Sedaya College International, Malaysia; Lecturer Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan; Lecturer Pharmaceutics, Pharmacy Department, Islamia University of Bahawalput, Bahawalpur; and Hospital Pharmacist/Radiopharmacist, Shaukat Khanum Memorial Trust Cancer Hospital & Research Center, Lahore.
In addition of that; he was awarded 1). the certificate for dedicated services in SKMTCH & RC, Lahore; 2). best poster award in Common wealth pharmaceutical association-Malaysia pharmaceutical association joint conference, Kuala Lumpur 2007; 3). the Sanggar Sanjung (Hall of Fame event) product silver medal award at Malaysia Technology Expo (MTE 2006) on “Nanoparticle coating for enhancing shelf life of herbal product”. (Awarded to Baie, S. (Principal Investigator), Ismail, Z., Bukhari, N.I (Co-researchers); 4). Bibliographic note published in Marquis “Who is Who in Science & Engineering”, USA, 2002; and 5). South Asian Publications’ “XIth Star man Award 2000” based on credential par excellence.
Dr. Bukhari presented about 48 oral and posters presentations in national and international symposiums, conferences and workshops. He got more than twenty four (24) research Grants/ sponsorships and published more than 50 scientific research manuscripts in local and international accredited journals. He wrote seven (7) books, book chapters and reports as under; 1. Bukhari, N.I. “Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics – Activity based learning”. Raaz Printer, Nabha Road, Lahore, Pakistan. 2011; 2. Babar, Z.D., Ibrahim, M.I.M. Singh, H. Bukhari, N.I. “The Reality of Medicine Price in Malaysia”. Universiti Sains Malaysia Press. 2010; 3. Bukhari, N.I., Majeed, A.B.A. Bai, Hay, Y.K. “Understanding Pharmacokinetic Models”. University of Technology Mara, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Page 106, (2009); 4. Babar, Z.U., Ibrahim, M.I.M., Singh, H., Bukhari, N.I. “A survey of Medicine Price: Availability affordability and price components in Malaysia using WHOHAI methodology”.University College Sedaya Internation-University Sains Malaysia in collaboration with WHO-HAI, Malaysia. 2005; 5. Ahmad, M., Bukhari, N.I. “Pharmaceutical Management and Marketing”. Tariq Academy, D-Ground, Faisalabad – Pakistan. 2002. Pages 218. [Recommended by Higher Education Commission (HEC), Pakistan for its National Pharmacy Curriculum in all affiliated universities in Pakistan]; 6. Bukhari, N.I. “Hospital Pharmacy”. Aziz Book Depot, Lahore – Pakistan. 2000. (ISBN: 969-486-025-3). Pages 268. [Recommended by Higher Education Commission (HEC), Pakistan for its National Pharmacy Curriculum in all affiliated universities in Pakistan]; 7. Bioavailability studies, Chapter in Quality Assurance in Class, Market and Industry. Karamat A Javeid, Author. Aziz Book Depot, Lahore-Pakistan, 1992.